Full-time employment is usually 36–40 hours per week. The Working Hours Act (ATB) sets the maximum working hours per week to 60; however, an employee must not work the maximum number of hours every week.
• Per week during a four-week period: on average 55 hours per week
• Per week during a 16-week period: on average 48 hours per week
If an employee works for more than five and a half hours, they’re entitled to at least 30 minutes of break time. This may be split into two 15-minute breaks.
If an employee works for more than 10 hours, they must have at least 45 minutes of break time. This may be split into several breaks, each of which must be at least 15 minutes.
Dutch law does not provide a legislative regulation for overtime. Overtime hours can be accrued as compensation hours that can be added to leave entitlement. This should be agreed in the contract of employment.
• A vacation allowance equal to 8% of the gross salary earned from 1 June to 31 May is paid in June each year.
• Vacation allowance accrues each month and needs to be paid out when employees exit.
• The monthly salary cited in the employment contract does not include the 8% vacation allowance.
Emergency leave (calamiteitenverlof)
An employer may not refuse a reasonable request for emergency leave of absence. This can be a few hours and at most a few days. During the emergency leave, an employee is entitled to their normal wages.
Care leave (kortdurend zorgverlof/ langdurig zorgverlof)
Employees in the Netherlands are entitled to apply for short or long-term care leave provided that the care is necessary, and the employee is the only person able to provide this care. This is paid out at 70% of their annual salary. An employer may only refuse this leave if this causes serious problems for the company.